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Over 300,000 Rohingya children face hell on earth in refugee camps: UNICEF

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Up to 12,000 more children join them every week, fleeing ethnic cleansing or hunger in their native Myanmar, still traumatized by atrocities they witnessed, Unicef said in a report “Outcast and Desperate”. Keep Reading

Saudi Arabia warns UN again to prevent the investigation of war crimes in Yemen

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According to the sources, Saudi Arabia and Washington began exerting enormous pressure to prevent the UN Secretary-General’s decision to include the alliance on the black list since the leak of the result of the investigation of UN experts, which condemned the coalition again the killing of children of Yemen, noting that Saudi Arabia stepped up its pressure to threaten to cut funding as it did during the era of the Secretary-General Former “Ban Ki-moon”. Keep Reading

UN condemns Saudi killing of Yemeni civilians

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Airstrikes by a coalition under the leadership of the regime in Riyadh against civilian targets across Yemen have killed 42 more civilians, including a number of children. Keep Reading

Saudi airstrikes on Yemen amount to war crimes: HRW

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The rights organization cited on Tuesday five “apparently unlawful” Saudi aerial assaults in Yemen between June 9 and August 4, which killed 39 civilians, among them 26 children. Keep Reading

Iran takes a practical move to help Rohingya Muslims

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“An emergency, food, life support and hygiene package has been prepared by the Red Crescent to be sent to Myanmar,” said the head of the organisation, Morteza Salimi, according to the ISNA news agency. Keep Reading

The Organization of Islamic Cooperation strongly condemned the construction of 4,000 residential units by the Israel regime

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The organization stated on Saturday that all Israel settlements constructed in the occupied territories of Palestine are illegal and a violation of the international law and UN resolutions. Keep Reading

Iranians hold protests condemning genocide of Rohingya Muslims in Myanmar

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During the rallies, held after the Friday prayers, the protesters chanted slogans such as “Death to Israel” and “Death to the US” and “Death to Zionists” and “Allahu Akbar” – God is the greatest in Arabic. Keep Reading

Kashmiris to hoist black flags and wear black badges to protest brutalities on Rohingya Muslims

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He appealed to the state employees to stand against this “barbarism” and wear black badges on arms and hoist black flags on all the government institutions and offices on September 8, as a mark of protest against this ethnic genocide. Keep Reading

International report confirms the continuation of human rights violations in Yemen

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The report issued by the UN Office for Human Rights, published by the UN News Center on Tuesday, and recorded violations committed in three years since September 2014. Keep Reading

Will UN coming reform meeting help correct flaws, injustice?

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The American leader, an outspoken critic of the world body, will push the invitees attending the meeting at the US headquarters in New York to garner adequate backing that will allow him press for overhauling the UN. The gathering will be held a day before the president’s first General Assembly address.

The political declaration of the UN noted that countries will be invited to attend Trump’s meeting if they sign on to a US-drafted 10-point political declaration backing efforts by the UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres “to initiate effective and meaningful reforms,” the Reuters news agency reported on September 1.

The US president is critical of the annual American share of the UN budget, calling it “unfair.” The reform bid by him is in fact a push to slash the funding of the world body which he once described as a “club for people to get together, talk, and have a good time.”

The US is reportedly the UN’s biggest funder, providing 22 percent of its $5.4 billion biennial main budget as well as 28.5 percent of its $7.3 billion budget allocated for peace-keeping missions around the world. The US is also engaged in efforts to reform the missions of the UN-supervised peace-keepers in a bid to cut the expenses.

Trump, Guterres, and the US envoy to the UN Nikki Haley are planned to address the September 18 event, sources familiar with the schedule told the Reuters.

Ethiopia, which is president of the 15-member Security Council for September, said on Friday it would hold a high-level council meeting on peacekeeping reform on 20 September that will be chaired by Ethiopian Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn.

The meeting is scheduled for holding at the American leader’s suggestion while it has so far failed to approve overhauls proposed by various members due to differences erupting between the world’s big powers. Many countries are now critical of the structure of the UN and also the Security Council but have failed to turn the tide as the permanent members of the UNSC– US, China, Britain, Russia, and France– have so far rejected various amendatory proposals.

The critics of the UN enumerate an array of challenges the world body is facing and call for the reform to address them:

– Civil wars around the world

– Unilateral measures of some of global powers

– Imbalanced socio-economic development of the world countries that causes deeply-polarized global order

– Population explosion

– Environmental challenges

– Blatant violation of the human rights especially by the pretending powers

– Creeping of terrorism around the globe

– Expansion of various diseases like AIDS as well as drugs smuggling

Many analysts argue that the UN credibility highly relies on realization of a set of preconditions that help the international organ to do its duties perfectly:

– Avoiding discriminatory treatment of different countries

– Stopping the double-standard policy in decision making

– Insisting on implementing the laws

– Avoiding secrecy in decision making by regarding democratic principles

– And respecting the current UN-enacted laws and steering clear of unilateralism

The criticism against the UN structure, especially against the highly-questioned mechanism of the UNSC as the most powerful international body, is not restricted to the present time, rather it has a life as long as the life of the UNSC itself. But the recent years saw a surge of censure.

Many global countries disapprove of the current form of the UNSC. Many analysts argue that except for the permanent members that have the veto right and other specific powers, other countries see the structure of the UNSC as totally against the principles of justice based on which the world body was built. A commission that in past few years was tasked with studying ways to usher in reforming of the UNSC has yet to make any progress due to the conspicuously different viewpoints of the permanent members.

The share of the underdeveloped or less powerful countries in the UN decision making processes is one of the issues that has to be considered in any steps to review the UN body. The UN replaced the League of Nations following the Second World War. Its structure was customized to address the goals of the victorious powers, something made them have a lion share in its decision-making mechanism.

The veto right for the five powers is another issue subjected to criticism by the questioning parties that seek reform. This right directly affects the way decisions made in the UNSC. Many countries argue that it is in fact an unfair jurisdiction appropriated by the Second World War’s triumphant parties for themselves in the early stages of the UN establishment. This authority is illogical and even noticeably contrary to some of the UN principles, with many members expressing their objection to it.

Another point of focus is the General Assembly that certainly stands as one of the most important and comprehensive wings of the UN and needs strengthening in all areas of its functions. Bolstering role of the General Assembly is feasible only if crucial international matters like nuclear disarmament, economic development, human rights protection, and peace-keeping missions are raised in its meetings and proper ways of implementation of bills are predicted.

But can other international actors, aside from the five powers, reform the UN’s widely-blasted makeup? The answer perhaps vividly lies in the record of attempts made over time to make difference. The powers so far vetoed any moves to alter the current establishment of the UN system, frustrating the pro-change parties who have been working for modifications to the 70-year-old body.

Despite that, reformatory steps have been taken at least to restrict nuclear weapons. Other acts include moves that are expected to give more effective role to the independent actors. The early July treaty to ban nuclear bombs, endorsed by 122 countries after months of talks in the face of strong opposition from nuclear-armed states and their allies, was praised as a global cohesion against the US, the country with biggest nuclear arsenal.

More reforms means more power entrusted to the independent players to use their bargaining chips and draw convergence in areas where they can serve the interests of the world’s majority. The reform steps can start with negotiation of such issues as environment, energy, the brewing water crisis, and economic challenges. The result may be small changes but they can prepare the ground for big ones.

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